There is some controversy over who actually invented the first vacuum cleaner. Some say it was invented in 1860 by Daniel Hess, from West Union, Iowa. His “carpet sweeper” had a rotating brush and bellows to generate the suction. His patent was #29,077 U.S. issued July 10, 1860. I haven’t verified this but the source of this information is ideafinder.com
Others give this invention to Ives McGaffey, who invented the “Whirlwind” vacuum cleaner in Chicago in 1868. McGaffey’s patent was awarded on June 8th 1869, and this vacuum sold for a high price of $25.
Following hot on the heals of McGaffey and Hess was Melville Bissell who invented a cleaner for his wife in 1876.